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The reconstruction of a sustaining wooden structure , Parţa

Virtual Reconstruction

programms used: 3d Studio Max 7, Macromedia Dreamweaver MX 2004, Adobe Premiere 6.0, Microsoft Windows Media Encoder 9.0 series, Foto Canvas 1.1

Author of Media materials: Cosmin Suciu

Thanks to: prof.dr. Sabin Adrian Luca, prof.dr. Gheorghe Lazarovici and dr. Martin White for their support.

Virtual reconstruction of sanctuary 1 with wooden structure details. Recomended with Internet Explorer 6.0. Movie size 2,6 MB.



At Parţa houses’ excavations reveals foundations constructed from a series of holes in which pillars are inserted to support the basic structure of the houses. This was the most frequent system used to build houses (Figure 2. a). At some structures, there were observed massive pillars, but at others there were observed even small poles (Figure 2. a, b). In the virtual space, the wooden structure is filled on the plan (Figure 2. b, c – sanctuary 2). Next we start to create the walls by knitting together a very dense network of poles and rods.

We know this is how the wooden supporting structures of the walls were constructed from the excavated ‘fired’ clay leaving an imprint of the wooden structure. When the structure burns, the clay changes its firmness, it becomes very hard and it keeps maintaining the marks of the rods and the pillars (Figure 1.; Figure 2. d right image).

There are added beams on the structure (Figure 2. d, e). The structure must be rigid, so osier, lime tree crust or bark, twisted rye, and animal bowel were used to tie the beams, rods and poles together. The wooden structure of the roof is then made (Figure 2. e). The roof is covered with dry hay sheaf, straw, bulrush or cane (Figure 2. f). Afterwards, a mixture of clay, straws and water is added (Figure 2. g) to finish the walls. In an archaeological experiment for an Eneolithic house (a house of 7x4 m), there were used for the wooden structure of the house 2 oak trees, 33 lime trees and 245 hazel nut rods. The four walls needed 15 tonnes of clay and 3080 litres of waterhttp://arts.iasi.roedu.net/cucuteni/arheo/casa/. The majority of the excavated complexes in Parţa are around 11x6 m so the quantity of wooden and clay material used is huge.

Figure 2.a)

Figure 2.b)

Figure 2.c)

Figure 2. d) Wooden structure (left –virtual space, right- marks in wall remains).

Figure 2.e)

Figure 2. f) The roof’s straw structure.


Figure 2. g) The floor and the walls, first sanctuary (left -outside, right-inside).


Bibliografie: Gh. Lazarovici, Fl. Drasovean, Z. Maxim, Parţa, vol. I.1,2.

Copyright august 2005: Cosmin Suciu, e-mail to: cos_suciu@yahoo.com, 2005