AŞEZĂRI NEOLITICE PE VALEA MUREŞULUI (II)
Noi cercetări la Turdaş – Luncă
I. Campaniile anilor 1992-1995
English Title: NEOLITHIC SETTLEMENTS IN THE VALLEY OF THE MUREŞ (II)
Autor: Sabin Adrian LUCA, BIBLIOTHECA MVSEI APVLENSIS XVII,
ISBN 973-590-514, Editura Economică, 2001 © copyright: Sabin Adrian Luca
Prelucrare Web: Cosmin Suciu; Powered by: Institutul pentru Cercetarea Patrimoniului Cultural Transilvanean în Context European (IPTCE)
The systematical research of the Turdaş–Luncă archaeological site proved to be a challenge for each generation of archaeologists from the 20th century. From different reasons, the most important being the believe that the site has been entirely destroyed by the river Mureş, the most complex research remain those from 1875 of Zsófia von Torma and their checking made by Marton Roska in 1910. Since then, the most insistent trial for research is being done by our team, excavations starting in 1992, being interrupted between 1999–2000, and continuing with the year 2001.
The results that were obtained fulfill the researcher’s expectations. The discovered artefacts allow a correct dimension into periods – chronological and cultural – of the dwelling levels, and the stratigraphic observations allowing us to realise a stratigraphy compared with other sites from Ardeal, but also from other region of the country.
The unusual large amount of information compelled us to structure the book into two parts (the 1992–1995 campaign – volume 1 and the 1996–1998 campaign – volume 2), the first part being presented now to the archaeologist reader.
The first book comes to the complete the information published in the volume regarding the Turdaş settlements from Orăştie–Dealul Pemilor, point X2 (LUCA 1997b) or Valea Nandrului–La Dos (LUCA–ROMAN 1999). Of course that after the publishing of other Turdaş settlements we may try a syntesis regarding the Turdaş culture, as this culture is not definitive in a satisfactory way at present time.
This volume could not have been finished without the help of many students from Sibiu and Alba Iulia who spent their holidays in the camp – tends from Turdaş and have resisted to the sun in the valley of Mureş. Many of these students are now our colleagues, prove that this school – site has reached it’s purpose.
I thank my colleagues – especially to lecturer Zeno–Karl Pinter, Ph.D. – for their disinterested and welcomed help, to lecturer Horia Ciugudean, Ph. D. for hosting these lines in the prestigious collection from Alba Iulia and to the rector of the “Lucian Blaga” University Sibiu, professor HD Dumitru Ciocoi Pop, Ph.D., for his help offered to establish the school – site from Turdaş. I have to thank also to the director of the Museum of Roman and Dacian Civilisation, in Deva, Mrs. Adriana Rusu–Pescaru, Ph.D., for the logistic and moral support, and to researcher, professor Gheorghe Lazarovici, Ph. D., Florin Draşovean, Ph.D., and, last but not least, professor Mrs. Silvia Marinescu–Bâlcu, Ph. D., who honoured us with her presence for almost on entire campaign of research on our site. I have to thank our professor from the Cluj University, professor Pompiliu Teodor, Ph. D., who honoured us with his presence during his holidays spent at Turdaş. I thank my colegues at the “1 Decembrie” University in Alba Iulia – professor Iuliu Paul, Ph. D., lecturer Ioan Andriţoiu, Ph. D., and lecturer Marius Ciută for their benevolent collaboration.
There are also colleagues from abroad I owe good thoughts and thanks. First of all, Mr. Horváth Ferenc, Ph. D., from “Móra Ferenc” Museum in Szeged, professor Bernhard Hänsel, Ph. D. (Berlin), professor Harald Haptmann, Ph. D. (Heidelberg, in present in Istambul), professor Wolfram Schier (Würtzburg) and to many others we have meet, either during gathering reference material abroad, or at international congresses and symposiums.
To all of them I shall remain grateful !
Sibiu, at 1st february 2001
Sabin Adrian Luca, Ph. D.